Posted by Pelonis Technologies, Inc. | Dec 28, 2023 2:28:45 PM 0 Comments

Brushless DC motors, or BLDC motors, are a type of motor that utilizes a DC electric power supply. A primary benefit of BLDC motors is that they are commutated electronically rather than using brushes like in standard electronic motors. These brushes can wear down quickly, so by eliminating them, BLDC motors reduce maintenance costs, improve efficiency, and offer high durability.

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What are BLDC Motors?

How Does a BLDC Motor Work?

A BLDC motor works similarly to a brushed DC motor. Their operation is based on the Lorentz force law, which states that when a conductor and a current are placed in a magnetic field, force is generated. Due to this reaction, the magnet will experience an equal and opposite force.

BLDC motors have two main parts: a stator and a rotor. The rotor is made up of permanent magnets, and the stator contains coils that generate a magnetic field when an electric current passes through them. When any stator coil, or pole, is energized, the rotor aligns its constant magnetic field to it; in simpler terms, the rotor will be attracted to it. The permanent magnets on the rotor are spun by alternating the direction of the magnetic field generated by the motor windings.

Advantages of BLDC Motors

BLDC motors are long-lasting, energy-efficient, and reliable. Other key advantages of BLDC motors include:

  • Low maintenance. BLDC motors require less maintenance than conventional electric motors because there are no brushes to inspect, clean, or replace.
  • Compact. BLDC motors are typically more compact and lighter compared to other motor types.
  • Adjustable speed. Motor speed can be easily adjusted by controlling the input DC voltage.
  • Quiet operation. Compared to other motor types, BLDC motors operate quietly without producing a lot of acoustic noise.
  • Continuous torque. Because BLDC motors are electronically controlled, they can maintain continuous torque at different speed levels.
  • Efficient. BLDC motors are driven by an electronic motor controller, which is more efficient at delivering power. This allows them to rotate at higher speeds for longer periods of time. The lack of brushes means that less energy is lost due to heat and friction, further improving efficiency.
  • Improved heat removal and cooling. Because the stator is on the outside of the motor, BLDC motors ensure better heat removal. They are also cooled by conduction rather than relying on airflow.

Applications of BLDC Motors

Due to their many benefits, BLDC motors are commonly used in a wide range of applications, including but not limited to:

  • Electric and hybrid vehicles
  • Electric fans, blowers, and pumps
  • Cordless power tools
  • Robotics, actuators, and CNC machines
  • Washing machines, dryers, and other appliances
  • Compressors
  • Computer fans and hard drives
  • Air conditioners

Learn More About BLDC Motors from Pelonis Technologies

By eliminating the need for brushes, BLDC motors offer several benefits over brushed DC motors. At Pelonis Technologies, we offer a wide range of cooling, heating, and motion control solutions, including quality BLDC motors. Our motors offer optimal performance for a variety of industrial and commercial applications, and they come in both standard or custom sizes to meet your unique requirements.

For more information about our BLDC motor offerings or any of our other products, contact us or request a quote today.